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Why is Hollywood the center of the film world?

All over the world, people talk about Hollywood and the film industry and movie stars. However, Hollywood itself is really just a medium-sized district (population 261,000), located in the northern part of the City of Los Angeles. The center of the film world is actually the Los Angeles area.

Once upon a time, however, there was an infant film industry, and it did begin to bloom in Hollywood.

Hollywood was created in 1886 when a real estate speculator named H.H. Wilcox bought some undeveloped land near Los Angeles. The name "Hollywood" came from Wilcox's wife. (She had met a woman on a train who had a summer home named Hollywood.) Wilcox sold lots to wealthy Midwesterners so they could build homes to "winter in California".

In 1903, Hollywood was incorporated as a city in its own right. In 1910, it was annexed to the city of Los Angeles in order to obtain a reliable supply of water.

In 1911, a small movie company, the Nestor Company, was looking for a building to house a film studio. (This was in the days of silent films.) They rented an old tavern in the Hollywood area that had been closed by anti-alcohol activists.

In those days, the techniques used to film outdoors required a lot of steady sunlight. The Los Angeles area was ideal. Not only did it enjoy sunlight almost all year round, but it had a great deal of undeveloped open space, which could provide varied backdrops, such as the ocean, the beaches, the desert, the mountains, and so on.

It wasn't long before other filmmakers, such as Cecil B. DeMille and D. W. Griffith, also began to make movies in Hollywood. By the 1920s and 1930s, the film industry expanded enormously, and the Los Angeles area became, and still is, the film capital of the world.