Harley Hahn's
Internet Advisor


Appendix A...

List of Top-Level Internet Domains

In Chapter 4, I discuss Internet addresses in detail. All Internet addresses end with a domain name, which consists of a number of sub-domain names, separated by . (period) characters. The rightmost sub-domain is called a top-level domain. For example, in the following URL (Web address), the domain is www.royal.gov.uk, and the top-level domain is uk.

http://www.royal.gov.uk/

In the following mail address, the domain is harley.com, and the top-level domain is com.

little-nipper@harley.com

The period is pronounced "dot". For example, harley.com is pronounced "harley-dot-com".

There are two types of top-level domains. Organizational domains represent a particular category; geographical domains represent a particular country or region.

This appendix contains a full list of all the organizational and geographical top-level domains in current use. In a few places, where it is not obvious how the domain name was derived, I have included a short explanatory note in square brackets.

Figure A-1: Organizational top-level domains

Domain Description
aeroair-transport industry
bizbusinesses
commiscellaneous [commercial]
coopcooperative organizations
eduUnited States universities [educational]
govUnited States federal government
infomiscellaneous [information]
intinternational organizations
milUnited States military
museummuseums
nameindividuals
netmiscellaneous [network providers]
orgmiscellaneous [organizations]

Figure A-2: Geographical top-level domains

Domain Country/Region
acAscension Island
adAndorra
aeUnited Arab Emirates
afAfghanistan
agAntigua and Barbuda
aiAnguilla
alAlbania
amArmenia
anNetherlands Antilles
aoAngola
aqAntarctica
arArgentina
asAmerican Samoa
atAustria
auAustralia
awAruba
azAzerbaijan
baBosnia-Herzegovina
bbBarbados
bdBangladesh
beBelgium
bfBurkina Faso
bgBulgaria
bhBahrain
biBurundi
bjBenin
bmBermuda
bnBrunei Darussalam
boBolivia
brBrazil
bsBahamas
btBhutan
bvBouvet Island
bwBotswana
byBelarus
bzBelize
caCanada
ccCocos Islands [Keeling Islands]
cdCongo [Democratic People's Republic]
cfCentral African Republic
cgCongo [Republic of]
chSwitzerland [Confoederatio Helvetica]
ciIvory Coast [Cote D'Ivoire]
ckCook Islands
clChile
cmCameroon
cnChina
coColombia
crCosta Rica
cuCuba
cvCape Verde
cxChristmas Island
cyCyprus
czCzech Republic
deGermany [Deutschland]
djDjibouti
dkDenmark
dmDominica
doDominican Republic
dzAlgeria [Al Djazair]
ecEcuador
eeEstonia [Eesti]
egEgypt
ehWestern Sahara
erEritrea
esSpain [España]
etEthiopia
fiFinland
fjFiji
fkFalkland Islands [Malvinas Islands]
fmMicronesia [Federated States of]
foFaroe Islands
frFrance
gaGabon
gdGrenada
geGeorgia
gfFrench Guiana
ggGuernsey
ghGhana
giGibraltar
glGreenland
gmGambia
gnGuinea
gpGuadeloupe
gqEquatorial Guinea
grGreece
gsSouth Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
gtGuatemala
guGuam
gwGuinea-Bissau
gyGuyana
hkHong Kong
hmHeard and McDonald Islands
hnHonduras
hrCroatia [Hrvatska]
htHaiti
huHungary
idIndonesia
ieIreland
ilIsrael
imIsle of Man
inIndia
ioBritish Indian Ocean Territory
iqIraq
irIran
isIceland
itItaly
jeJersey
jmJamaica
joJordan
jpJapan
keKenya
kgKyrgyzstan
khCambodia [formerly Khmer Republic]
kiKiribati
kmComoros
knSaint Kitts and Nevis
kpNorth Korea [Democratic People's Republic of Korea ]
krSouth Korea [Republic of Korea]
kwKuwait
kyCayman Islands
kzKazakhstan
laLaos
lbLebanon
lcSaint Lucia
liLiechtenstein
lkSri Lanka
lrLiberia
lsLesotho
ltLithuania
luLuxembourg
lvLatvia
lyLibya
maMorocco
mcMonaco
mdMoldova
mgMadagascar
mhMarshall Islands
mkMacedonia [Makedoniya]
mlMali
mmMyanmar
mnMongolia
moMacau
mpNorthern Mariana Islands
mqMartinique
mrMauritania
msMontserrat
mtMalta
muMauritius
mvMaldives
mwMalawi
mxMexico
myMalaysia
mzMozambique
naNamibia
ncNew Caledonia
neNiger
nfNorfolk Island
ngNigeria
niNicaragua
nlNetherlands
noNorway
npNepal
nrNauru
nuNiue
nzNew Zealand
omOman
paPanama
pePeru
pfFrench Polynesia
pgPapua New Guinea
phPhilippines
pkPakistan
plPoland
pmSt. Pierre and Miquelon
pnPitcairn Island
prPuerto Rico
psPalestinian Territory
ptPortugal
pwPalau
pyParaguay
qaQatar
reRéunion
roRomania
ruRussia
rwRwanda
saSaudi Arabia
sbSolomon Islands [formerly British Solomon Islands]
scSeychelles
sdSudan
seSweden
sgSingapore
shSt. Helena
siSlovenia
sjSvalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
skSlovakia
slSierra Leone
smSan Marino
snSenegal
soSomalia
srSuriname
stSao Tome and Principe
svEl Salvador
sySyria
szSwaziland
tcTurks and Ciacos Islands
tdChad [Tchad]
tfFrench Southern Territories
tgTogo
thThailand
tjTajikistan
tkTokelau
tmTurkmenistan
tnTunisia
toTonga
tpEast Timor [formerly Portuguese Timor]
trTurkey
ttTrinidad and Tobago
tvTuvalu
twTaiwan
tzTanzania
uaUkraine [Ukraina]
ugUganda
ukUnited Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales, N. Ireland
umU.S. Minor Outlying Islands
usUnited States
uyUruguay
uzUzbekistan
vaVatican City State
vcSt. Vincent and the Grenadines
veVenezuela
vgBritish Virgin Islands
viU.S. Virgin Islands
vnVietnam
vuVanuatu
wfWallis and Futuna
wsWestern Samoa
yeYemen
yuSerbia and Montenegro [formerly Yugoslavia]
ytMayotte
zaSouth Africa
zmZambia
zwZimbabwe