Harley Hahn's
Internet Advisor


Note: On this sample page, you can read four sections of Chapter 17. Within The Harley Hahn Experience, you can read the entire book, including the rest of this chapter.

As you look at the four sections, you will see references to other chapters. Within The Harley Hahn Experience, each reference is a live link that will take you directly to the appropriate place in the other chapter.

Chapter 17...

How to Do Stuff

In this chapter, I will show you how to perform a number of procedures that are necessary from time to time as you use the Internet. I explain each procedure as a series of steps for you to follow in sequence. As you do, go slowly and take a moment to think about the steps. I want you to know more than simply how to do stuff; I want you to understand how things work.

Throughout the book, I have referenced this chapter in various places. At the beginning of each procedure, I will show you the places in the book that reference that procedure. This will allow you to refer to the text if you need more information.

It is possible that the instructions in this chapter may differ slightly from what you should use with your computer. This may be the case if you are using an old version of Windows or an old browser.

If you are using an old browser, I suggest that you upgrade to the latest version. The following resources will help you.

Windows itself is different. There is no need to upgrade. Wait until you get a new computer, which will come with the latest version of Windows pre-installed.

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Windows...
How to Set the Date and Time
on Your Computer

For more information, see the discussion in Chapter 5 and Appendix B.

  1. Click on the Start button.
  2. Point to Settings, and click on Control Panel.
  3. Within the Control Panel, double-click on Date/Time. Windows will display a window showing you the date and time. To display the time zone, click on the Time Zone tab.
  4. Make any necessary adjustments.
  5. Click on the OK button.

See Appendix B for:

  • Information on how time zones are used on the Internet
  • How to find a program to maintain the correct time and date on your computer automatically

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Windows...
How to Use the Clipboard

For more information, see the discussion in Chapter 6 and Chapter 7.

The CLIPBOARD is an invisible storage area maintained by Windows to allow you to copy or move information from one place to another, even between windows. You can use the clipboard to copy almost any type of data that can be displayed on your screen, including text and pictures.

In general terms, here is how it works. You select some information and then copy it to the clipboard. You then move to a new location (which can be in another window), and copy the information from the clipboard to that location.

Here are the details:

  1. Go to the window that contains the information you wish to copy.
  2. Click your mouse at the beginning of the information you want to copy.
  3. Select (highlight) all the information you want to go into the clipboard. To do so, you can use either your mouse or your keyboard. To use your mouse, hold down the left button and move the mouse pointer over the data you want to select. To use your keyboard, hold down the Shift key and use another key (Left, Right, Up, Down, PageUp, PageDown) to move the cursor over the data you want to select.

Once the information is selected, you can either copy or cut it to the clipboard. If you COPY, it does not change the selected information; if you CUT, it removes the selected information as it is copied to the clipboard.

  1. To copy, pull down the Edit menu and choose Copy. To cut, pull down the Edit menu and choose Cut. The data is now in your clipboard.

Now that the information is in the clipboard, you can PASTE it into a new location.

  1. Move to where you want to paste the contents of the clipboard. This location can be in the same window or in a different window.
  2. Click your mouse at the exact position where you want to insert the data.
  3. Pull down the Edit menu and choose Paste.

— hint —

Most Windows programs support copy, cut and paste capabilities, which means you can copy information from one program to another. However, pasting is only allowed when it would make sense to do so: you can't paste unless the information in the clipboard is useable in the destination window.

For example, you can't paste a word processing document into your browser window. However, you can paste a URL into the address bar of your browser, and you can paste text from your browser into your word processor.

From time to time, you may make a mistake while using the clipboard. For example, you might choose Cut when you meant to choose Copy. In some cases, you can fix such a mistake. When you do, we say you UNDO the mistake.

To do so, pull down the Edit menu and choose Undo. In most cases, this will reverse the last change you made. For example, if you cut the wrong information from a file, undo will get the information back. However, be sure to undo the mistake right away, before you perform another operation.

If you like shortcuts, there are two fast ways to copy, cut and paste without using the Edit menu.

First, when you are ready to copy or cut, you can right-click on the selected data (click the right mouse button). This will display a menu from which you can choose Copy or Cut. After you move to the place where you want to paste, you can right-click again. This will display a menu from which you can choose Paste.

The second set of shortcuts is to use the keyboard as follows:

Operation Shortcut Key
CopyCtrl-C
CutCtrl-X
PasteCtrl-V
UndoCtrl-Z

Personally, I always use these shortcuts, as they are a lot faster than using the mouse to pull down the Edit menu. Be sure to remember Ctrl- Z, as it is a particularly easy way to undo a mistake.

— hint —

Many programs allow you to undo mistakes that go beyond simple cutting and pasting, and some programs even allow you to undo multiple changes, one after the other.

For example, word processing programs usually allow you to reverse a whole stream of changes. This is handy when you realize you want to undo the last ten things you have done. Just press Ctrl-Z repeatedly. Each time you do, one more change will be reversed.

Once you copy or cut something, it stays in the clipboard until you replace it with new data (or until you turn off the computer). This means you can paste the same data over and over.

However, you must be careful. The clipboard is meant to be a temporary storage area, and it can only hold one thing at a time. As soon as you put new information into the clipboard — even a single character — it replaces all the previous information. For this reason, it is safer to copy, not cut. That way, if you make a mistake, you still have the original.

Cutting is faster when you want to move data, and you know you do not need to preserve the original. However, if you are working with large amounts of data, especially in different windows, it is better to copy. Then, after you have verified that the data is safely pasted, you can return to the original location and delete what you don't need.

If you want to see what is in the clipboard, you can use a program called the CLIPBOARD VIEWER. When you run Clipboard Viewer, it creates a new window that will show you the information currently in the clipboard. Whenever you copy or cut new information, you will see the contents of the window change.

Here is how to run the Clipboard Viewer:

  1. Click on the Start button.
  2. Point to Programs, then Accessories, then click on Clipboard Viewer.

Using the Clipboard Viewer is an excellent way to teach yourself what happens when you copy, cut and paste. Just start the program, run a few experiments and see what happens.

Once you understand the clipboard, there is really no need to use the Clipboard Viewer. In general, you only need the contents of the clipboard for a short time — usually a few seconds — and it is just not practical to check the Clipboard Viewer every time you copy or cut.

Remember, however, since the clipboard can hold only one thing at a time, even a simple mistake will wipe out the entire contents. So do be careful.

— hint —

Once data becomes invisible, it is easy to lose.

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Windows...
How to Change Your Mouse
to Be Left-handed

For more information, see the discussion in Chapter 7.

  1. Click on the Start button.
  2. Point to Settings, and click on Control Panel.
  3. Within the Control Panel, double-click on Mouse. You will see the mouse settings panel.
  4. On the Buttons page, under Button configuration, click on left-handed.
  5. Click on the OK button.

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Internet Explorer...
How to Control the Appearance
of Your Browser

For more information, see the discussion in Chapter 7 and Chapter 10.

There are two different ways to control which toolbars are visible:

  • Pull down the View menu and point to Toolbars.

or:

  • Right-click on an empty area of one of the toolbars.

In either case, you will see a list of toolbars. Select the name of a toolbar. Doing this acts as an off/on switch.

You can also choose which buttons appear on the Standard toolbar and control how they look:

or:

  • Pull down the View menu, point to Toolbars, and select Customize.
  • Right-click on an empty area of one of the toolbars and select Customize.

Finally, you can turn the status bar (at the bottom of the browser window) off and on:

  • Pull down the View menu and select Status Bar. This acts as an off/on switch.

In most cases, Internet Explorer will remember the settings and maintain them the next time you start the program. This is not the case, however, for the Radio toolbar (with Internet Explorer version 5). If you want to always have it visible when you start your browser, you need to turn it on (with View) and set an option. To set the option:

  1. Pull down the Tools menu and select Internet Options.
  2. Click on the Advanced tab.
  3. Under the Multimedia section, turn on the option Always show Internet Explorer Radio bar.
  4. Click on the OK button.

Why do you need to set an option for this particular toolbar?

When you show the Radio toolbar, it causes Internet Explorer to pre-load the program used to listen to radio stations (Windows Media Player). On some systems, this may slow down the starting of Internet Explorer. For this reason, the browser will not show the Radio toolbar automatically unless you deliberately set the option.

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